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4 Things Pixar Always Does to Create Memorable Characters

​We all have a favourite Pixar character. Pixar's characters, from Woody to Sadness to Mike Wazowski have a unique way of sticking with you, whether it's due to their hilarious banter or heartbreaking humanity. But what is it that Pixar does to make them so memorable?

10 Tips to Writing from Multiple POVs

Aimie K. Runyan’s post on using multiple points of view. 

A Writer’s Guide to Fair Use and Permissions + Sample Permissions Letter

Whenever you decide to directly quote, excerpt or reproduce someone else’s work in your own—whether that’s a book, blog, magazine article, or something else—you have to consider, for each use, whether or not it’s necessary to seek explicit, legal permission from the work’s creator or owner.

Arts Council Support

We offer free access support for arts council funding applications. We can help you complete your arts council England form.

BFI Network


Bruntwood Prize for Playwriting

The Prize is an opportunity for writers of any background and experience to enter unperformed plays to be judged by a panel of industry experts for a chance to win part of a prize fund.

C4 Comedy Blaps

Blaps are a name that Channel 4 has given to short comedy videos. They are a way for the commissioning channel to test how successful a show will be and to start building an audience before committing to a full TV series. 

Daily Script

A collection of movie scripts and screenplays to serve as a resource for writers and actors and those who simply enjoy reading movie scripts. The movie scripts are presented in proper script format (for the most part) and where possible, multiple drafts are presented.

David Lane

Professional Development & Support for Writers

Different types of jobs in the Theatre Industry

There are many jobs available within the theatre industry. Maybe you’d be right for one of them? The Michael Grandage Company give a detailed description of the different types of jobs available in the theatre industry.


Doollee is an online database of playwrights, theatre plays, agents, publishers, theatres, and more. 

Equity Charitable Trust

Equity offer welfare grants. You do not need to be an equity member to apply but you must be an industry professional who is eligible for an Equity card.

Fleabag Support Fund

The FLEABAG SUPPORT FUND, (FSF) aims to be a complimentary alternative support grant to the already existing charitable funds available to people working in theatre at this time.

Help Musicians

Every year, Help Musicians give grants, provide opportunities and offer advice to talented musicians in the final stages of training and the first few years of working professionally.

How the Best Opening Scenes of All Time Can Help Your Script

I think we can all agree that when the rewriting process happens, we spend the most time changing the opening 10 pages of our feature film. We all know those are the pages where we can hook the reader, where we can promise them a fun romp and introduce them to characters they will remember for a lifetime.

How to Describe Your Character's Emotions

Describing your character's emotions can be hard to do on the page, but we've unearthed a handy infographic to help you use more descriptive words and dive deeper into your character's emotional state. 

How to Write Character Development

There are lots of terms thrown around when you try to write a character in a screenplay. But what sets character development apart from the pack and why is it crucial to your story? 

Increasing the Impact of Surprise

It is only because we’ve already been introduced to these characters, and their desires and conflicts, that the surprise element gets us to feel something.

ITC Arts

The Independent Theatre Council represents, supports and develops the professional performing arts in the UK. ITC's commitment to representing your interests includes advice on management, financial and legal matters, peer learning, training opportunities and a professional network.

Kurt Vonnegut’s Greatest Writing Advice

Vonnegut’s many thoughts on writing have been widely shared, taught, studied and adapted because his advice tends to be straightforward, generous, and (most importantly) right.

Literature Works Writers Resources

Writers Resources from Literature Works

Make Your Characters Distinct

In the outstanding film HIDDEN FIGURES, screenwriters Allison Schroeder and Theodore Melfi faced the formidable task of immediately introducing their three major characters, and making them unique and memorable. All three are African American women about the same age, and all three are scientists working at NASA.

New Creatives

New Creatives North is an exciting talent development scheme that offers opportunities for creators to be mentored by experienced artists to make new artistic works in film, audio or interactive media, designed for BBC channels and platforms.

Pixar's Story Development Process

Mary Coleman, a Pixar senior development executive, shares details about how it all comes together -- revealing some surprising and enlightening things.

Plots and Stories

A plot is not a story, nor does every story have a strong plot. Good writers know the importance of both plot and story. Plots are events, stories reveal how characters react to those events.

Routes In

A guide to getting new work programmed in the North of England


ScreenSkills is the industry-led skills body for the screen industries. Work across the UK to ensure that film, television (including children's and high-end drama), VFX (visual effects), animation, and games have the skills and talent needed. They provide insight, career development, and other opportunities to help grow and sustain the skilled and inclusive workforce which is the foundation stone of the UK's global screen success.

Seven movies Hollywood keeps remaking

People can be very sniffy about movie remakes. Some see them as lazy cash-ins, because it’s easier to redo something successful than have an original idea. Their frequent criticism, though, can be unfair. There are many great remakes giving a new spin on the original idea.

Story Planner

Story Planner’s easy-to-follow steps help writers plan novels, screenplays and more. Writing is easier when you have a plan. We take you through each stage of the planning process to help you create a better story.

Tension and Suspense

We discuss key components of tension experiences and propose a domain-independent model of tension and suspense. We also discuss possible neural mechanisms underlying tension and suspense. The model provides a theoretical framework that can inform future empirical research on tension phenomena.

The Adventure Genre

The adventure genre is built around our desire to search for "more" in our lives. More meaning, more excitement, and sometimes more treasure. It plays into the mysticism of the unknown and works as pure escapism for those watching.

The Key to story structure in two words: Therefore & But

There are tons of storytelling-related books and websites in the cosmos and there is no shortage of people giving story advice and tips. Much of the advice is helpful, but the enormous volume of information related to writing or telling better stories can be overwhelming.

The Noël Coward Foundation

Its aim is to award grants to educational and development projects across the Arts and to continue the keen interest Coward himself took in charitable work during his lifetime.  The Foundation is proud to support a diverse range of outstanding organisations working in theatre, music, playwriting, academic research and many other areas.

The Society of Authors

The Society of Authors administers a number of grants for writers. Our grants help fund works in progress and support authors in financial difficulty.

Theatre Alibi

Opportunities for Artists & Theatre Makers

Varsity Tutors

Varsity Tutors is the largest live learning platform in the United States and has numerous free resources, including examining classic literature, how to practice writing stories, approaching Shakespeare, examining fairytales, reading and writing clubs you can join, creative writing sessions, discussing popular movies, and much, much more.

What makes a film noir?

The BFI give a break down of what makes a story a film noir.

Why Nemo's Mom is the Most Important Character in the Movie

Coral is in "Finding Nemo" for all of three minutes, if that, but her story and interaction with Marlin could be the most important one in the film. 

5 Tips for Playing Better Evil Characters

What Is Your Motivation?

Does Your Character Know They're Evil?

How Do You Remain at Large?

Can You Work as Part of a Team?

How Far Will You Go?

22 Tips on Storytelling from Pixar

22 tips for storytelling.

Actors' Benevolent Fund

We are here for professional actors and stage managers who are in need due to illness, injury, or old age.

BBC Studios Writers’ Academy

The BBC Studios Writers’ Academy was created in 2005 to provide support, help and paid training for up-and-coming screenwriters. 

Billy Wilder’s Top 10 Writing Tips

Billy Wilder’s considered one of the best screenwriters and filmmakers in film history. 

Bruntwood Opportunities & Events

Links to further writing Opportunities & Events through the Bruntwood website.

Comedy Crowd

Our mission is to open opportunities for everyone to create comedy. Bringing creators and fans together to launch exciting new shows. Enabling creators to make low cost, hilarious content that isn’t afraid to take risks, shock, and leave us in tears of laughter the way comedy should.

Dance & Drama Awards

You could get a Dance and Drama Award (DaDA) to help with fees and living costs at one of 17 private dance and drama schools.

Delivering a Powerful Theme

The most powerful and persuasive stories don’t simply entertain or enlighten – they challenge their readers and audiences to transform – to find the courage to change their thoughts and behaviors in order to achieve a more fulfilling, loving and self-defined existence.

Directors Support Scheme

The Directors Support Scheme offers emergency help to Directors in acute need and is designed for short-term support. It is not suitable for those in need of long-term, continuous assistance.

Elements of Storytelling

In storytelling, everything builds up to the climax. Every plot point, every reversal, every conflict exists for this one moment in the film where the intense pressure and tension finally releases and the entire story takes a turn toward a final resolution. When deciding how to build your story up to this crucial point, you have to keep a couple of things in mind.

Film Genre Popularity of the Past 100 Years

An interactive look into the history of film genre popularity over the last 100+ years.

Funding Network

At our live crowdfunding events, you will meet and hear from changemakers with solutions to social issues. Each has six minutes to tell you about the change they are making and how you can support them, then you have six minutes to ask them questions. Once that's done, our expert pledge master will take you through the live crowdfunding session. You can give money, time or expertise, everything is appreciated!

House Resources

House Theatre have put together a section to support best working practice in touring and the wider theatre sector. All resources featured can be shared and downloaded for free.

How to create a compelling, character-driven plot

How Plot can help you write your story.

How to Write a Flat Character Arc

Next to the positive change arc, the flat character arc is the most popular storyline. Also called the “testing arc,” the flat arc is about a character who does not change. He already has the Truth figured out in the beginning of the story, and he uses that Truth to help him overcome various external tests.

How to Write a Movie Transcript

What real writers follow are their characters. And what great writers follow are their characters as they evolve around a central dramatic argument that is actually meaningful to other human beings. 

Inner Conflict

All stories are built on a foundation of three basic components: character, desire, and conflict. A hero or protagonist desperately wants something and must overcome seemingly insurmountable obstacles to achieve it.

John Grisham’s Do’s and Don’ts for Writing Popular Fiction

Since advice is usually ignored and rules are routinely broken, I refer to these little pearls as merely “suggestions.”

Literature Works Competitions

Competitions from Literature Works


LIVR is the world’s first virtual reality content platform dedicated to theatre. It offers a fully immersive 360° VR experience that transports you into the audience at some of the best live performances; on-demand and from the comfort of home.

Mastering the Comedy Genre

Everyone needs a good laugh, and the comedy genre is one of the best ways to get there. What makes a great comedy? 

Outdoor Arts UK

We provide regular updates on funding opportunities, jobs, call-outs and commissions.


A support and development opportunity for emerging writers.

Revealing Your Hero's Wound

At the beginning of your screenplay, your hero should be in a state of inertia — settling for a life that may be emotionally safe and tolerable, but that lacks passion, risk and fulfillment. Her life might be filled with activity and even give the illusion that she’s striving for something, but all this effort is ultimately going nowhere. In other words, your hero should be stuck.

Royal Literary Fund

The Royal Literary Fund is a UK charity that has been helping authors since 1790. It provides grants and pensions to writers in financial difficulty; it also places writers in universities to help students develop their writing.

Script Revolution

Script Revolution, the free to use script hosting website that offers screenwriters a platform to promote their scripts and filmmakers the tools needed to search through them.

Simply Scripts

A database of hundreds of downloadable scripts, movie scripts, screenplays, and transcripts of current, classic and maybe a few soon-to-be-released movies, television, anime, unproduced and radio shows.

Story Structure

James Cameron’s screenplay Avatar is an outstanding example of using many structural tools and devices successfully in one script.

The 5 Requirements For a Hero's Outer Motivation

Fiction is built on the emotional power of DESIRE, CONFLICT and define a VISIBLE goal that the protagonist is desperate to achieve. The pursuit of this goal defines your story concept, determines plot structure, and is the necessary through-line from which your hero’s INNER journey and story’s theme will emerge.

The Art of Storytelling

What makes a story great?  What makes someone a good storyteller? Storytelling is something we all do naturally, starting at a young age, but there’s a difference between good storytelling and great storytelling.

The Literary Consultancy

The Literary Consultancy is the UK's first and leading editorial and manuscript assessment service working nationally and internationally.

The Peggy Ramsay Foundation

The Peggy Ramsay Foundation’s purpose is to help writers and writing for the stage. It was established in pursuance of this objective. The Peggy Ramsay Foundation seeks to perpetuate Peggy Ramsay’s ideals, by directly helping dramatists at very different stages of experience in ways which are determined to keep as quick and unbureaucratic as possible.

The Space

The Space helps artists and organisations make great art and reach new audiences digitally.

Theatre Links

Thousands of Categorised Links to the Best Theatre Resources

Victoria Wood's rules of comedy

Reveals some of her comedy construction methods, tips, tricks and techniques.

What went wrong with The Simpsons

Good execution means keeping a character’s personality traits consistent. Even a relatively subtle change to the rules and boundaries set for comedy characters can make a big difference.

Writers Helping Writers

A free resources site for writers offering different tools to help them with their story. Including useful books, links to writing resources, writing coaches, tips, descriptive thesaurus lists, events and workshops.​

10 Great Writing Tips You Can Learn From Phoebe Waller-Bridge

Phoebe Waller-Bridge is a force of nature. She can write, act, and produce better than most people on this planet. So what lessons can we learn from her? 

A Glossary Of Screenwriting Terms & Filmmaking Definitions

A comprehensive glossary is provided as a reference for novices learning the craft of screenwriting or professionals with a limited understanding of film-financing and production terminology.

Art of the Cut

A master class in editing from a guy who loves talking about his craft and sharing with his colleagues in the industry.

BFI Funding Finder

Find out about funding schemes, opportunities and activities in your area and how to contact your local talent executive.

Bloomsbury Publishing: How to get your play published

Dom O’Hanlon talking through how to get your play, play companion, and more published. How the process works for this unique area of publishing and how your ideas can make it into print.

Bruntwood Writing Resources

Bruntwood share provocations, tips, tutorials and advice all with the aim of helping you shape and develop your writing practice. Each resource approaches things from their writers own perspective – so take from each one what you like!

Common Resources

Common Theatre has compiled some brilliant resources and initiatives run by other arts organisations, which are very useful to sign up to when building a career in theatre.

Dance Professionals Fund

Whether you need a grant due to illness or injury, with support for everyday living costs or with crisis funding for the unexpected, we can help. We also support dance professionals through a range of specialist bursary schemes. Our confidential advice and financial support are tailored to your needs and have helped hundreds of dance professionals just like you.

Developing your Creative Practice

Developing your Creative Practice is a new development fund designed to support independent creative practitioners to ensure excellence is thriving in the arts and culture sector. This fund will create more pathways for individuals, from a range of creative practices and backgrounds. 

Disability Arts

Sharing Disability Arts & Culture with the World

Enterprise Relief Fund

The £5million Enterprise Relief Fund will offer grants to 18 to 30-year olds across the UK who are self-employed and/or running their own business. In conjunction with cash grants, the initiative will offer one-to-one support and guidance to anyone who needs it and who may be worried about their future.


Funding for the moving image sector.

Genres List

So how do you decide what you're writing? And which genres to mash-up? The secret is in the tropes.

How Do You Define the Premise of a Movie or TV Show?

Learning how to define the premise of a movie or TV show is a critical skill when you write, pitch or even just talk about projects. But it's not as easy as you'd think.

How to Create Captivating Character Arcs

Characters are the heart and soul of every story. But getting them to arc takes practice and skill.

How to Write a Synopsis

One important step in the script writing process is the synopsis.

How to Write Character Arcs

If you’re going to write a story worthy of your amazing character, the first thing you have to do is learn how to write character arcs that resonate with your readers and leave them gasping, cheering, or crying.

Introducing Your Heroes

Arguably the most important portion of your story is the opening. This is where you must seduce your readers and audiences as you draw them into the world you’ve created. And this is where you must introduce us to the hero/heroine/protagonist of your story, creating immediate empathy and identification with this character.

Khan Academy

Pixar in a box. The art of Storytelling

Literature Works Opportunities

Opportunities from Literature Works

London Playwrights Blog

A resource for writers on the latest opportunities they can get involved with.

Michael Grandage Company Bursaries

Guiding and supporting the theatre-makers of the future.

Papatango Theatre Online Workshops on writing

Different video interviews from writers on their approach to writing.

Plot Generator

Wanting to find a story idea? The Plot Generator can create some ideas for you, all at the touch of a button.

Rick and Morty writer’s room

How does the process of writing a Rick and Morty episode look like?

Royal Society of Literature

Each year, after an open call for proposals, the Awards are given to individual writers or other literary creators, recognising their past achievements and providing them with financial support to undertake a proposed new piece of writing or literary project.

Setting as a Vehicle for Conflict

Becca Puglisi’s examines how to ratchet up conflict and tension using setting.

Stage Launch

An online database of indie/unpublished playwrights. Amdram societies can search for a play that fits their needs - e.g. by genre or length - and get in touch with the playwright direct (charging a flat annual fee, not a % of royalties).

Story Structure 104

Storytelling comes naturally to humans, but since we live in an unnatural world, we sometimes need a little help doing what we'd naturally do.

The Action Genre

Great action movies and television are like riding roller coasters. They pump up the adrenaline and take us places we can only imagine. They're fun, explosive, and can be kind of hard to write. Action movies need to keep the pages turning but also set up brilliant set pieces that stick out amongst an already crowded genre. 

The Audience Agency

The Audience Agency is a mission-led charity: Its purpose is to enable cultural organisations to use their national data to increase their relevance, reach and resilience.

The Myth of the 3 Act Structure

A Blog post discussing the Positives and Negatives of a 3 Act Structure.